The Cluster Corner

Mrs Fall Advisor Be4Ag CBL-ACP
AGRICULTURE and THE WORLD BANK GROUP

In cooperation with the PSLO network of the World Bank and with the support of the African Development Bank  a PSLO Agriculture Mission to Côte d’Ivoire: when May 14-17, 2018 where Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire.

PRODUCING MORE WITH LESS

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an integrated approach to managing landscapes—cropland, livestock, forests and fisheries-that address the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. CSA aims to simultaneously achieve three outcomes:

  1. Increased productivity: Produce more food to improve food and nutrition security and boost the incomes of 75 percent of the world’s poor who live in rural areas and mainly rely on agriculture for their livelihoods.
  2. Enhanced resilience: Reduce vulnerability to drought, pests, disease and other shocks; and improve capacity to adapt and grow in the face of longer-term stresses like shortened seasons and erratic weather patterns.
  3. Reduced emissions: Pursue lower emissions for each calorie or kilo of food produced, avoid deforestation from agriculture and identify ways to suck carbon out of the atmosphere.
While built on existing knowledge, technologies, and principles of sustainable agriculture, CSA is distinct in several ways. First, it has an explicit focus on addressing climate change. Second, CSA systematically considers the synergies and tradeoffs that exist between productivity, adaptation and mitigation, in order to capitalize on the benefits of integrated and interrelated results. Finally, CSA aims to capture new funding opportunities to close the deficit in the investment required to achieve food security.

A growing global population and changing diets are driving up the demand for food. Production is struggling to keep up as crop yields level off in many parts of the world, ocean health declines, and natural resources—including soils, water and biodiversity—are stretched dangerously thin. One in nine people suffers from chronic hunger and 12.9 percent of the population in developing countries is undernourished. The food security challenge will only become more difficult, as the world will need to produce about 70 percent more food by 2050 to feed an estimated 9 billion people.

The challenge is intensified by agriculture’s extreme vulnerability to climate change. Climate change’s negative impacts are already being felt, in the form of reduced yields and more frequent extreme weather events, affecting crops and livestock alike. Substantial investments in adaptation will be required to maintain current yields and to achieve the required production increases.

WORKING TOWARD FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY, WHILE CURBING GHG EMISSIONS

The Bank’s support of CSA is making a difference across the globe e.g. The Morocco Inclusive Green Growth project supports the national green growth agenda by increasing the supply of agrometeorological information and facilitating the diffusion of new, resilience-building technologies such as direct seeders.

In Niger, a Bank-supported project that is specifically designed to deliver climate-smart agriculture aims to benefit 500,000 farmers and agro pastoralists in 44 communes through the distribution of improved, drought-tolerant seeds, more efficient irrigation, and expanded use of agroforestry and conservation agriculture techniques.

Starting in 2015, a Bank-supported project has been helping pastoralists adopt climate-smart agriculture in the Sahel—namely Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal. Interventions to improve animal health and rearing, and promote more sustainable rangeland management, are boosting productivity and resilience, and helping to reduce emissions.

In Senegal, the West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP) has developed seven new high-yielding, early-maturing, drought resistant varieties of sorghum and millet. Released in 2012, these varieties are being widely diffused to farmers and show positive yield result.